Formalities and entry requirements for travelling to Canada

A complete guide to the requirements for travelling to Canada: passport, eTA, visa, financial evidence and advice for a carefree experience.

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The eTA system Find out more about the eTA electronic travel authorisation for Canada and its features.
Passport and eTA Find out about the conditions and validity of passports to obtain an eTA and travel to Canada.
Member countries of the eTA system Find out if you are one of the travellers eligible for the eTA system for Canada by browsing the official list of partner countries of the system.
Application procedure Find out about all the steps involved in applying for an eTA online and the information you need to enter on the form.
Validity of the eTA Find out more about how long the eTA is valid for Canada and when it expires.
Processing time Prepare for your trip to Canada with peace of mind by finding out how quickly you can obtain your eTA.

Canada, a vast country with diverse landscapes and cultures, attracts travellers from all over the world every year. As well as being a popular tourist destination, it also plays an essential role as a centre for business and international trade. However, before venturing out to discover this fascinating country, it's crucial to familiarise yourself with the requirements and entry conditions for your trip to Canada. The purpose of this page is to guide you through the essential documents, administrative procedures and information you need to know before setting foot on Canadian soil. Whether you're a tourist looking for adventure, a businessman exploring new opportunities or simply curious to explore this country of a thousand facets, we're here to help you prepare as well as possible and make the most of your stay in Canada.


The eTA: a required document for travelling to Canada

The eTA is an alternative to the temporary resident visa for citizens of eligible countries. It is an electronic authorisation linked electronically to the traveller's passport. The eTA is generally intended for visitors entering Canada by air. It allows visitors to stay in Canada for tourism, business or transit purposes, for a maximum period of six months.

Here's how the eTA application process works:

  • Preparation: Before you start, make sure you have a valid passport, an e-mail address and a credit card to pay the application fee.
  • Online form: Go to the official website or a service provider website dedicated to eTA applications. Fill in the online form, providing personal information, details of your trip and passport details.
  • Review of information : Before submitting, carefully check all the information provided to avoid any errors. Once submitted, the information cannot be modified.
  • Payment of Fees: Pay the eTA application fee using a credit card. The fee is generally non-refundable, whether your application is approved or not.
  • Processing: Once you have submitted your application and paid the fee, it will be processed by the Canadian authorities. Most eTA applications are processed within minutes, but it is advisable to submit your application at least a few days before your planned departure.
  • Approval or Refusal: You will receive e-mail notification of the approval or refusal of your eTA application. If approved, your eTA will be electronically linked to your passport.
  • Travelling to Canada: When you arrive in Canada by air, immigration officers will have access to your electronic information and will be able to check your eTA status using your passport.

The eTA is valid for five years, or until your passport expires, whichever comes first. It is important to renew your eTA if necessary before travelling to Canada again.


Other documents required for travel to Canada

When you plan to travel to Canada, your passport is the essential document you'll need to cross the border. It is an official piece of identification and a prerequisite for your trip. Make sure your passport is valid for the duration of your stay in Canada. The Canadian authorities generally require your passport to be valid for at least six months beyond the date of your planned departure from the country.

In addition, depending on your nationality, you may need a temporary resident visa to enter Canada. Citizens of certain countries are exempt from this requirement and are instead eligible for an Electronic Travel Authorisation (eTA), which facilitates their entry into the country.

Travellers of certain nationalities are required to obtain a temporary resident visa before leaving for Canada. This visa allows visitors to stay in Canada for a specified period of time for tourism, business or family purposes. The steps involved in obtaining a temporary resident visa include submitting an application, paying the fee and providing supporting documents such as proof of financial resources, letters of invitation and a travel itinerary.

The length of validity of the temporary resident visa varies according to the reason for the visit and the decisions of the immigration officer. It is important to note that a temporary resident visa does not automatically authorise a person to work or study in Canada, unless this is specified in the visa.


Conditions for entering and staying in Canada

When travelling to Canada, it is important to demonstrate that you have the financial resources to support yourself during your stay. This proof of financial capacity is a standard requirement to ensure that you do not become a burden on Canadian social services. The immigration authorities may ask you to provide documents such as recent bank statements, proof of employment, letters from employers or other documents justifying your financial resources.

The specific amounts required may vary depending on the length of your stay and your planned activities in Canada. We recommend that you consult the official information to find out the minimum amounts required.

If you intend to visit friends or family in Canada, a letter of invitation may be useful to prove the purpose and duration of your visit. This letter is usually issued by a Canadian resident inviting you to join them. It should include details of the person inviting you, the reason for the visit, the intended length of stay and details of your relationship.

Although a letter of invitation does not automatically guarantee you a visa or eTA, it can play an important role in the immigration authorities' decision. It can also serve as additional proof of your intention to return to your country of origin after your visit to Canada.

Finally, medical and travel insurance is highly recommended for your stay in Canada. The Canadian healthcare system is renowned for its quality, but medical care can be expensive for foreign visitors. Adequate insurance can cover medical costs, urgent hospitalisation, medical evacuation and other health-related expenses.

Before you leave, make sure you take out medical and travel insurance that meets your needs and covers your entire stay in Canada. Some countries even require this type of insurance before issuing a visa or eTA.


Conclusion: How do you prepare for your trip to Canada with the essential documents and requirements?

To sum up, travelling to Canada requires careful preparation in terms of documents and entry requirements. Make sure you have a passport that is valid for the duration of your stay, and explore the specific requirements for a temporary resident visa or Electronic Travel Authorisation (eTA) depending on your nationality.

Proof of financial resources, in the form of bank statements and supporting documents, as well as the possibility of a letter of invitation to prove the purpose of your trip, are key factors to consider when preparing. In addition, medical and travel insurance is a crucial aspect of ensuring your well-being throughout your stay in Canada.

Before you leave, take the time to familiarise yourself with the latest official information provided by the Canadian authorities. Requirements and procedures can change, and it's important to keep up to date to ensure you have a trouble-free trip.

Remember, every traveller has unique needs, and preparing properly for your trip to Canada will help make your experience enjoyable and hassle-free. Whether you're an avid explorer, a business traveller or simply looking for a new adventure, proper preparation will help you make the most of your stay in this magnificent country.