Somalia is a country located in East Africa, which has experienced internal conflicts and civil wars for several decades. In this context, the Transitional Government of Somalia was established in an attempt to restore stability and strengthen the rule of law. In this page we will explain in detail the role and characteristics of the Somali Transitional Government, as well as its functioning and challenges.
Historical and political context of Somalia :
Somalia is a country in the Horn of Africa that has had a turbulent history since its independence in 1960. Prior to the establishment of the transitional government, the country was ruled by the Siad Barre regime, which ruled the country for over two decades. After the fall of this regime in 1991, the country was plunged into a civil war that lasted several years.
Faced with the chaotic situation in Somalia, the international community made several attempts to stabilise the country. In 2000, a peace conference was organised in Djibouti to try to reconcile the different Somali clans and end the civil war. This conference led to the establishment of the transitional government in 2004.
The Transitional Government's mission was to lay the foundations for the rule of law in Somalia and to restore peace to the country. Despite some difficulties, the Transitional Government has managed to maintain some stability in the country and to pave the way for the establishment of a more stable federal government.
What is the Transitional Government of Somalia?
The Transitional Government of Somalia is a transitional administration established in 2004 to ensure a stable political transition in the country. It was established after the fall of the Siad Barre regime and the subsequent civil war.
The Transitional Government of Somalia is composed of several institutions, including the Federal Parliament, the Council of Ministers and the Presidency. The Federal Parliament is composed of two chambers: the Upper House, also known as the Council of Elders, and the Lower House, also known as the House of the People.
The transitional government was initially established for a period of five years, but this period has been extended several times. The main tasks of the transitional government are to restore peace and stability in the country, prepare for democratic elections and draft a new constitution for Somalia.
In 2012, it was replaced by the Federal Government of Somalia, a democratically elected administration that took over to continue the process of stabilisation and development of the country.